The man who would become my biological father was born on 28 May 1911 as Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer-Churchill, MBE to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his wife Clementine.
Randolph Churchill, not to be confused with his grandfather, Lord Randolph Churchill, was educated at Eton College and Oxford and became more a journalist, rather than a politician. Though he was elected unopposed as Member of Parliament, he lost his seat in the 1945 general election. During World War II, he also served with his father’s old regiment, the 4th Queen’s Own Hussars, was attached to the Special Air Service (SAS) serving a number of missions behind enemy lines in the Libyan Desert and went on a military and diplomatic mission to Yugoslavia.
In later life, he was an honorary Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge (1965) and also a Trustee for the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust in 1967.
Down the Churchill Family Tree
My father was married twice. His first marriage to socialite Pamela Harriman produced a brother, Winston Churchill show as the young boy above. After a divorce in 1945, Arabella Churchill was born to his second marriage to June Osborne.
Randolph was often portrayed as the black sheep of the Churchill family—irascible, spoiled by his father, and with a serious drinking problem. Randolph was also know as “a keen and knowledgeable” gardener. Randolph Churchill died of a heart attack, aged 57 on June 6th, 1968 . Oddly enough this was the very same day that Robert Kennedy was assassinated. Randolph had signed a contract with Robert Kennedy to write the biography of John F. Kennedy, but he died before beginning work.
He is buried with his parents and siblings near Woodstock, Oxfordshire.
The Authored Works of Randolph Churchill
It would seem that writing was passed down in the Churchill family. Randolph Churchill was a journalist and authored books much like Winston Churchill. Following the end of his political career, Randolph turned to authorship and journalism.
His publications include:
- “They Serve the Queen”, 1953;
- “The Story of the Coronation”, 1953;
- “Fifteen Famous English Homes”, 1954;
- “What I Said about the Press”, 1957;
- “The Rise and Fall of Sir Anthony Eden”, 1959; “Lord Derby,
- “King of Lancashire'”, 1960;
- “The Fight for Tory Leadership”, 1964;
- His own memoirs, “Twenty-One Years”, 1965.
- “The Six Day War”, 1967. (co-authored with his son)
Randolph Churchill started the official biography of his father in 1966, but had finished only the second volume by the time of his death in 1968.
- “Winston S. Churchill: Volume I, Youth, 1874-1900”, 1966
- “Winston S. Churchill: Volume II, The Young Politician, 1901-1914”, 1967
- “Winston S. Churchill: Companion Volume I, Parts I and II”, 1967 (edited